The term criminology refers to the study of the various aspects of criminal behaviour. Criminologists can be employed in various capacities. They can be sociologists who conduct research in the criminal justice field, law enforcement and criminal justice professors or even forensic science technicians. The average salary in the field of criminology depends upon the area in which the criminologist works.
Sociologists employed as criminologists or otherwise made an average salary of £52,084 per year, as of May 2010, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The median salary for these sociologists was £47,034 per year, with the highest-paid sociologists making salaries of £84,415 per year or more. The middle 50 per cent of those working in this field made salaries between £36,088 and £63,056 per year. The lowest-paid professionals in this field made £28,600 or less per year.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics also delineates separate salaries for criminal justice and law enforcement professors. According to the bureau, the average salary of these criminology experts was £42,633 per year, with those in the middle of the pay scale earning £38,688 per year. The middle 50 per cent earned salaries between £29,295 and £51,434 per year. The highest-paid professors in this field of study earned £70,837 or more per year.
Forensic science technicians also fit within the broad category of criminology professionals. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median salary for forensic science technicians was £33,520, with a reported average salary of £35,776 per year. The middle 50 per cent of those working as technicians in this field made between £26,435 and £43,147 per year, with the highest paid forensic science technicians earning more than £53,943 annually.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects 22 per cent job growth for sociologists, including criminologists, from 2008 to 2018. The bureau indicates that the best job prospects will be for those who have either a master's degree or a PhD. Forensic science technicians generally need to have a bachelor's degree for employment.