What Constitutes Petty Theft?
The difference between petty theft and a greater theft classification is monetary value. Petty theft involves small amounts of money or property and is punished as a misdemeanour.
For example in Ohio, stealing less than £325 of property is petty theft and a misdemeanour. Stealing more than £325 of property is a felony.
Keeping Lost Property
Stealing lost or missplaced property may be considered petty theft, depending on the state involved. Illinois is one state that classifies such theft as petty. If a person knowingly takes the property of someone he knows, or if he learns the owner's identity or knows how to identify the owner but does not attempt to return the property and intends to keep it, has committed petty theft in Illinois, according to its criminal code.
Shoplifting is considered petty theft if the merchandise value is small enough to be classified as a misdemeanour.
In Mesa, Arizona, shoplifting property of less than £650 is considered a misdemeanour except in cases where a firearm is stolen. A U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism and Homeland Security noted in 2005 that organised retail theft does not qualify as petty theft: "Organized retail theft is a separate and distinct crime from petty shoplifting. It involves professional theft rings that move quickly from community to community and across State lines to pilfer large amounts of merchandise that is then repackaged and sold back into the marketplace."
The theft of petty cash differs from petty theft.
Petty cash theft can be in any amount and a felony if the amount is great enough. Petty theft doesn't even have to be monetary. If an employee steals food, office supplies, software or equipment, they can be charged with petty theft.
Bicycle thieves who are caught can be charged with petty theft. The Federal Bureau of Investigation reports 188,698 thefts nationwide in 2008, up slightly from previous years, the New York Times noted in a 2010 article. Bicyclists have started buying tracking systems for their bicycles, which cost enough to bring the value above petty theft, the article states.
- Illinois General Assembly; Illinois Compiled Statutes; Criminal Code of 1961
- Mesa Police Department; Choices and Consequences: Minors and Shoplifting
- Dishonest Associates in the Workplace; the Correlation Between Motivation and Opportunity in Retail Among Employee Theft; Edith Fikes; 2009
- The New York Times; Efforts on Bicycling also Attract Thieves; David Goodman; 2010