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Security Guard Procedures

A security guard is a person who is typically hired by a private organisation to guard the location of a business, private home or commercial institution. Security guards maintain the safety of the building, keep order and protect residents, employees and visitors of an establishment. Although security guard procedures can differ depending on the specific job responsibilities, the security company guidelines and the security officer training, there are some procedures that tend to be universal.


The main function of any security guard's job is the prevention of incidents. Security guards spend much of their shift making sure no unlawful persons or packages are permitted into the location without proper clearance. Security guards follow all established protocols for checking in visitors, receiving packages and verifying identities as necessary. A security guard may be stationed at one location on the premises, or he may be required to complete scheduled rounds to check the perimeter of the property both inside and outside the building. Prevention also includes securing the building entrances after hours, checking the function of building security equipment such as automatic locks, metal detectors and fire alarm systems, as well as monitoring security cameras located throughout the building.

Observe and Report

The procedure guidelines for most security guard companies require a security guard to observe and report during the course of his shift. A security guard is typically expected to keep a daily event log and complete applicable incident reports that provide a detailed record of the daily activities in and around the building. Observation logs should include the date, time, location and description of all visitors, deliveries and other occurrences. Daily log reports often call for the security guard to make note of the times he completes scheduled rounds throughout his shift, as well the findings of each security inspection.

Contact Law Enforcement

Some security guard companies provide weapons and combat training for security guards who are required to carry a weapon because they are stationed in a high- risk area such as a bank. The majority of security guards who provide security inside office buildings and stores are not armed, however. Since most security guards are not trained as law enforcement agents, the companies that provide security services typically train their security guards to follow procedure by immediately contacting law enforcement in the event of a robbery, burglary or assault. In most cases, a security guard is not expected to apprehend a dangerous criminal or take the law into his or her own hands.